- Color: typically earth tones, but variable from white to black. Can be solid. striped, or patterned.
- Size: the largest species has a body up to 1 1/2 inches and leg span of 3 inches. Others are smaller
- The head has two large eyes with a row of four smaller eyes just below.
- The head and body are moderately hairy.
Habits of Wolf Spiders:
- Wolf spiders are hunting spiders and have excellent vision. They do not build webs for catching prey.
- Build retreats in the soil, among firewood and stones, and sometimes in siding.
- Eggs are produced in May and June and hatch in June and July.
- Spiders do not reach full size until the following year
- Females may live for several years.
Damage Caused by Wolf Spiders:
- Although wolf spiders can bite when handled, their bites are not dangerous and will not amount to more than initial pain and irritation.
- Wolf spiders often look for protected locations to overwinter, which includes homes.
- Overwintering spiders in basements and other protected areas.
- Spiders hunting primarily at night.
How to Control and Kill Wolf Spiders:
- The best way to prevent wolf spiders indoors is to seal exterior entry points. Repair faulty window screens, make sure doors and windows seal properly, and caulk any pipes or other openings into the home.
- Keeping firewood and other debris that provides protected habitat for spiders away from the home also reduces the chance that spiders will enter the building.